What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma refers to a group of eye deceases that have common features, including eye pressure which is too high for the health of the eye; damage to the optic nerve and possibly permanent loss of sight.

Although most people with glaucoma don't lose their sight, glaucoma is still a leading cause of blindness in the United States.

How pressure in the eye is created?

The eye is always producing fluid. The eyes drainage areas nay become clogged or blocked so that too much fluid stays in the eye. This increases eye pressure.
Too much pressure in the eye can damage the optic nerve, which when damaged cannot send images to the brain.

Who gets Glaucoma?

Anyone. But those who have a higher risk of developing glaucoma are:

People who are over 60 years of age
People of African descent
Relatives of people with glaucoma
Hispanics in older age groups
Very nearsighted people (myopic)
People with diabetes
People with extensive steroid use
People with thin central corneas

How do I find if I have glaucoma?

There are usually no symptoms. You may see perfectly, read or drive without problems, while early glaucoma steals your sight.

How is glaucoma detected?

An eye doctor conducts a series of simple painless tests.

1. An eye pressure check to measure the intraocular pressure of the eye (tonometry test).
2. A dilated eye exam to check the color and shape of the optic nerve (ophthalmoscopy test)

If anything looks unusual, most doctors will do the following glaucoma tests:

- A visual field test to ,measure side vision
- an exam to see whether the eye's drainage area is blocked
- a test to measure the thickness of the central cornea

Is there a cure?

Although careful, lifelong treatment usually controls glaucoma, currently there is no cure.

How is glaucoma treated?

Glaucoma is treated with drugs, lasers and surgery or a combination of the three. You and your doctor will discuss and work together on a plan that is right for you.

Call the Lerner Eye Center today at 888-820-9600 or email us here to make an appointment or request more information.

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